Thursday, December 17, 2009

Moving to New Domain

Hi, I have moved to a new domain where I will be posting new posts.
The URL is
Check it Out.

Thursday, April 16, 2009

Restoring the Grub after reinstalling Windows

After reinstalling windows or fixing MBR(Master Boot Record) you always loose your grub and you cannot boot to your linux. So this post is about the methods of restoring the grub. There are three methods I use. I will explain all three.

All three methods need a live cd of a linux. You need to boot from the live cd and take the terminal and do the following:
  1. First method is using grub command. We initially go into the grub mode interface using the command
    sudo grub
    This will get you a "grub>" prompt (i.e. the grub shell). At grub>. enter these commands
    find /boot/grub/stage1
    If the find returned (hd0,1) then you would enter
    root (hd0,1)
    Now the root drive where the boot folder is mounted.Now we needed to setup the drive to boot to show the grub. We do this by
    setup (hd0)
    Finally exit the grub shell
    And then Reboot to and try if you are getting the grub.
    If not try the next method.
  2. If couldn't get grub to find the stage1 file or even recognize the drive. Use this method.
    sudo mkdir /mnt/root

    sudo mount -t ext3 /dev/sda6 /mnt/root

    Then you have to mount the proc subsystem and udev inside /mnt/root also:

    sudo mount -t proc none /mnt/root/proc

    sudo mount -o bind /dev /mnt/root/dev

    Doing this allows grub to discover your drives. Next you have to chroot:

    sudo chroot /mnt/root /bin/bash

    Now that you're chrooted into your drive as root everything should work.

    sudo grub
    And then follow the 1st method to install the grub.
  3. In lastest Linux you can use the command grub-install.The usage of this command is as
    sudo grub-install /dev/sda
    It might be hda if the hard disk is IDE and sda if disk is SATA.
So try it out the next time you loose your grub and tell me how it went.

Tuesday, March 17, 2009

Birthday Reminder For Gnome Panel

This program checks the file /home/rsrijith/shell/birthday_reminder.txt to find the upcoming birthdays in 20 days and writes into the file /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays.
There is a file called /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1, the difference between it and birthdays file is that birthdays contains only first name of the person and birthdays1 contains the whole name.
So that's it. Now the code....
echo "Birthday Finder ">>/home/rsrijith/logs/bday
tillm=$(date --date="+20 day" +"%b")
nowm=$(date +"%b")
tilld=$(date --date="+20 day" +"%2d")
nowd=$(date +"%d")
year=$(date +"%Y")
if [ -e /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays ]
rm /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays
touch /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays
if [ -e /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1 ]
rm /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1
touch /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1
while read LINE
m=$(echo $LINE|cut -f2 -d',')
d=$(echo $LINE|cut -f3 -d',')
name=$(echo $LINE|cut -f1 -d',')
yob=$(echo $LINE|cut -f4 -d',')
if [ $m == $nowm ]
if [ $nowd -le $d ]
name=` echo $name|sed 's/\([^ ]*\).*/\1/;s/\([^.]*\).*/\1/'`
if [ $dif -le 1 ]
if [ $dif -eq 0 ]
echo "Happy Birthday to "$name>>/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays
echo "Happy Birthday to "$name1>>/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1
echo "$dif day to "$name"'s Birthday">>/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays
echo "$dif day to "$name1"'s Birthday">>/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1
echo "$dif days to "$name"'s Birthday">>/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays
echo "$dif days to "$name1"'s Birthday">>/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1

if [ $m == $tillm ]
if [ $tilld -gt $d ]
name=` echo $name|sed 's/\([^ ]*\).*/\1/'`
lastdate=$(date -d "-$(date +%d) days +1 month"|cut -f 3 -d " ")
echo "$d $lastdate $nowd"

echo "$dif days to "$name1"'s Birthday">>/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1
echo "$dif days to "$name"'s Birthday">>/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays
done < $FileName
if [ ! -s /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays ]
echo "Nothing to Remind" > /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays
cat /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1|sort -n >/home/rsrijith/temp && mv /home/rsrijith/temp /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1
cat /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays|sort -n >/home/rsrijith/temp && mv /home/rsrijith/temp /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays

This code is part of the Perl Panel Code. The related codes to this are:

Reminder for Gnome Panel

This is the program that lets us to enter the text and time at which it should be reminded me. The command has the following options
  • -d: date eg:  17/3/2009
  • -t : time [ It's should be entered as 24hr clock] eg:   20:00:00
  • -r : reminder text [ It should be entered in between a double quotes ] eg: "This is a test"
  • -p :priority [ I hav'nt implemented it yet . Kept it for future implementation.] eg : 1
  • -b :Remind me before [ By using it we can change the default remind before time of 5mins ie it is used to remind from a specific mins before the time we have scheduled to remind. It is specified in mins] eg: 5
use Time::Local;
my @date;
my @time;
my $d=0,$t=0,$r=0,$p=0,$b=0;
my @deftime=localtime();
my $dv="$deftime[3]/$deftime[4]/$deftime[5]",$tv="$deftime[2]:$deftime[1]:$deftime[0]",$rv="",$pv=1,$bv=0;
foreach $argnum (0 .. $#ARGV)
if($ARGV[$argnum] eq "-d")
elsif($ARGV[$argnum] eq "-t")
elsif($ARGV[$argnum] eq "-r")
print "Remind Text:$rv\n";
elsif($ARGV[$argnum] eq "-p")
print "Priority:$pv\n";
elsif($ARGV[$argnum] eq "-b")
print "Remind Before:$bv\n";
print "Date:$dv\n";
print "Time:$tv";
my $time=timelocal($time[2],$time[1],$time[0],$date[0],$date[1],$date[2],);
my $nowtime=timelocal(localtime());
my $difftime=$time-$nowtime;
print "\nTime Of Alarm:".$time."\nTime Now:".$nowtime."\nDifference in Seconds:".$difftime."\n";

open (FH,">>/home/rsrijith/perl/reminder");
print FH "$time:$pv:$bv:$rv\n";
close FH;
This code is part of the Perl Panel Code. The related codes to this are:

Backend For Panel Reminder

I had already posted about creating a Display Reminders In Gnome Panel. This post is an addition to that script. This is a backend script that writes what to print into the panel_remind file. I use this script to print Birthday Reminder and Things to remember of which I will be posting shortly.
So the Code is simple Perl script.
our $printl;our $i=0;our $r=0;
$| = 1;
open (RB,"/home/rsrijith/perl/reminder");
my @line=<RB>;
close RB;
open (WR,">/home/rsrijith/panel_remind");
my @s=split(":",$line[$i]);
my $nowtime=timelocal(localtime());
my $a=$s[2]+300;
my $t= to_int((($s[0]-$nowtime)/60));
open (WR,">/home/rsrijith/panel_remind");
print WR "Red:In $t Mins - $s[3]";
close WR;
if( $t == 0)
{ `notify-send "$s[3]" -u critical -t 60000`}
open (WB,">/home/rsrijith/perl/reminder");
my $nowtime=timelocal(localtime());
print WB "$line[$i]";
close WB;

if($r eq 0)
print "Birthday";

sub bday
open (RB,"/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays");
my @line=<RB>;
close RB;

print "nothing to remind";
$printl="Black:Nothing to Remind \n:(";
open (WR,">/home/rsrijith/panel_remind");
print WR $printl;
close WR;
open (WR,">/home/rsrijith/panel_remind");
print WR $printl;
close WR;
This script reads from files
  • /home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays: The file contains birthdays of my friends that I need to be reminded of. The method to print the upcoming birthdays into this file is posted at <will be posted soon>.
  • /home/rsrijith/perl/reminder:The file contains reminders that I need to  be reminded. I used another script to write into that file which is posted at <will be posted soon >.
This program needs libnotify  package. The package name is libnotify1 in my computer. It may vary with linux you are in.

So the ordinary panel reminder can be made of some use using this script.
So try it out and tell me how it went.

Saturday, March 14, 2009

Auto Away Notifier for Pidgin in Perl

Whenever I am away from laptop my chat buddies leave me lots message and finally lots of "You there???". So I thought of making a script that would inform my buddies that I am away when someone sends me a message.
This method works with Pigin API.
I have used /proc/acpi/button/lid/C267/state file to find if the lib of the laptop is closed or not. This file may vary in your laptop. So try to find the find the file in your computer that stores the status of the lid. It should be a file in /proc/acpi/button/lid/ folder and replace the file accordingly in your computer.
The Content of /proc/acpi/button/lid/C267/state is state: open and state: closed when the lid was closed.

We save this file as /usr/lib/purple-2/ and use chmod +x /usr/lib/purple-2/ to give the plugin execute permission. Now restart the Pidgin if it is running or open pidgin and go to Tools->Plugins and you should see a plugin named "Auto Away Plugin". Activate it and that's it.
I have used /sys/class/leds/b43-phy0\:\:radio/brightness file to notify me if there is any messages while i was away. It uses my Wi-fi light to notify me. When there is a message then the Wi-fi light blinks. This too is computer specific so find the file that controls any of the unused leds and replace that file too.
use Purple;
perl_api_version => 2,
name => "Auto Away Plugin",
version => "0.1",
summary => "Auto Away Notifier",
description => "Auto Away Notifier in Perl",
author => "R.Srijith <rsrijith007\",
url => "",
load => "plugin_load",
unload => "plugin_unload"
sub plugin_init {
return %PLUGIN_INFO;

sub im_received {

my ($account, $sender, $message, $conv, $flags) = @_;
Purple::Debug::info("autonotify", "Message recieved\n");
$conv1 = Purple::Conversation->new(1, $account, $sender);
open FILE, ">>/home/rsrijith/logs/autonotifier.txt" or die $!;
open LID, "</proc/acpi/button/lid/C267/state" or die $!;
if($_ =~ m/closed/)
print FILE "$sender:$message\n";
$im = $conv1->get_im_data();
if ($im) { print "ok.\n"; } else { print "fail.\n"; }
system('(if [ ! -e /var/lock/autoremind ]; then while grep -m 1 -q closed /proc/acpi/button/lid/C267/state; do touch /var/lock/autoremind; sleep 1; echo -n 0 >/sys/class/leds/b43-phy0\:\:radio/brightness; sleep 1;echo -n 1 >/sys/class/leds/b43-phy0\:\:radio/brightness; done; if [ -e /var/lock/autoremind ]; then rm /var/lock/autoremind; fi; fi)&');
$im->send("This is an automated response system: R Srijith is not at the desk rite now.");
close FILE;

sub plugin_load {
$plugin = shift;
$conversation_handle = Purple::Conversations::get_handle();
Purple::Signal::connect($conversation_handle, "received-im-msg", $plugin, \&im_received, $data);
Purple::Debug::info("autonotify", "Auto Notify Loaded\n");

sub plugin_unload {
Purple::Debug::info("autonotify", "Auto Notify Unloaded\n");

So try it out and comment me on how it went.

Saturday, February 7, 2009

Display Reminders In Gnome Panel

 It was a long standing requirement of mine to create a reminder software or something which can keep me reminding of things as I always keep forgetting things. So I made a reminder that displays my reminders on the Gnome Panel.
It looks something like this:

So how do we do it?

1st of all we need to display the program we need in the Add to Panel.

For that we add to the bonobo server list. We do this by adding the following code in the folder  /usr/lib/bonobo/servers/. Let us name the file as GNOME_PerlApplet.server
The content of this file should be :
  <oaf_server iid="OAFIID:PerlSampleApplet_Factory" type="exe" location="/home/rsrijith/perl/panel-applet">
    <oaf_attribute name="repo_ids" type="stringv">
      <item value="IDL:Bonobo/GenericFactory:1.0"/>
      <item value="IDL:Bonobo/Unknown:1.0"/>
    <oaf_attribute name="name" type="string" value="Panel Reminder"/>
    <oaf_attribute name="description" type="string" value="Perl Program working in Panel"/>

  <oaf_server iid="OAFIID:PerlSampleApplet" type="factory" location="OAFIID:PerlSampleApplet_Factory">
    <oaf_attribute name="repo_ids" type="stringv">
      <item value="IDL:GNOME/Vertigo/PanelAppletShell:1.0"/>
      <item value="IDL:Bonobo/Control:1.0"/>
      <item value="IDL:Bonobo/Unknown:1.0"/>
    <oaf_attribute name="name" type="string" value="Panel Reminder"/>
    <oaf_attribute name="description" type="string" value="Perl Program working in Panel:R Srijith"/>
    <oaf_attribute name="panel:category" type="string" value="Amusements"/>
    <oaf_attribute name="panel:icon" type="string" value="bug-buddy.png"/>
So this specifies the location of the perl file to run on adding this applet. So here it is /home/rsrijith/perl/panel-applet . This file should print the reminders to be printed on the panel.
The program need the Following packages:

Perl packages:

    • ExtUtils::Depends
    • ExtUtils::PkgConfig
    • Gnome2::GConf
    • Gnome2::PanelApplet
    You install this using
    sudo perl -MCPAN -e 'install <package-name>'

    Linux Package:
      • libpanelappletmm-2.6-1c2
      • libpanelappletmm-2.6-dev
      You install this using
      sudo apt-get install <package-name>

        Thus the perl file content is :
        #!/usr/bin/perl -w

        use warnings;
        use utf8;
        use Gnome2::PanelApplet;
        Gnome2::Program->init ('A Stupid Applet Written in Perl', '0.01', 'libgnomeui',
                               sm_connect => FALSE);

        Gnome2::PanelApplet::Factory->main ('OAFIID:PerlSampleApplet_Factory',

        sub fill {
          my ($applet, $iid, $data) = @_;

          if ($iid ne 'OAFIID:PerlSampleApplet') {
            return FALSE;
          my $menu_xml = <<EOX;
        <popup name="button3">
          <menuitem name="Properties Item"
          <menuitem name="DesktopSwitcher Item"
                _label="Wallpaper Switcher"
            <menuitem name="Walldelete Item"
                _label="Wallpaper Delete"
          <menuitem name="About Item"

          my $cb_mapping = {
            Birthdays => [\&properties_callback, 'default!'],
            DesktopSwitcher => \&deskswitcher_callback,
            Walldelete => \&walldelete_callback,
            About => \&about_callback,

          $applet->setup_menu($menu_xml, $cb_mapping, 'default?');
          our $i=0;our @line;

          our $label = Gtk2::Label->new;
            $label->modify_font(Gtk2::Pango::FontDescription->from_string("Monospace 10"));
            $label->modify_fg("normal", Gtk2::Gdk::Color->parse("Black"));
          $applet->add ($label);
         Glib::Timeout->add (5000, \&update_value);
         #Glib::Timeout->add (500, \&update_list);
         sub update_list{
         open FILE,"/home/rsrijith/panel_remind";
          close FILE;
         sub update_value
          my @string=split(':',$line[0]);
          $label->modify_fg("normal", Gtk2::Gdk::Color->parse($string[0]));

        sub deskswitcher_callback
         system('/home/rsrijith/shell/deskback 2>>/home/rsrijith/logs/desktopbackground');

        sub walldelete_callback
         system('/home/rsrijith/shell/deletewall 2>>/home/rsrijith/logs/desktopbackground');

        sub properties_callback {
            my $b="";
                open BDAY,"/home/rsrijith/shell/birthdays1";
            { $b.=$_."\n";
          my $dialog = Gtk2::MessageDialog->new (undef, [],
                                                 'info', 'ok',

        sub about_callback {
          my $about = Gnome2::About->new ('Panel Reminder', '0.1',
                                          'Perl Program working in Panel',
                                          '© 2009 R.Srijith',
                                          'R.Srijith <');

        This program prints the contents of /home/rsrijith/panel_remind
        An Example of the content of that file should be as

        Blue:Happy Birthday to Mahima
        So that's it!! And Happy Birthday Mahima.

        Comment me if you have any doubts or if it's not working.